Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 7: 13/18


To be (Honorific), To come (Honorific), To go (Honorific)

Remember not to use honorific language when speaking about yourself and your actions!


いる・くる・いく → いらっしゃる
Verb[ている]Verb[て]+ いらっしゃる

Verb[なかった] → いらっしゃらなかった


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About いらっしゃる

いらっしゃる is another of the common honorific language expressions in Japanese. This means that it elevates the status of another person, in order to pay them respect. It will never be used when referring to the speaker themselves, or their own actions.
いらっしゃる can be used to replace () 'to be', () 'to come', or ()く 'to go'. This is due to the unique perspective that honorific language places the speaker in, in relation to the person that is being respected. This is a slightly advanced concept that we will discuss more later.
To use いらっしゃる, simply replace いる, くる, or いく with いらっしゃる.
  • あなた(となり)いらっしゃるのは(よめ)さんです
    Is the person (existing) next to you your wife?
  • あと30(ぷん)社長(しゃちょう)いらっしゃるので準備(じゅんび)てください
    The CEO is coming in 30 minutes, so please get ready.
  • 先輩(せんぱい)明日(あした)忘年会(ぼうねんかい)いらっしゃいます
    Senpai, are you coming to the end-of-year party tomorrow?
Alternatively, いらっしゃる may also be used to replace いる, くる, or いく when they are attached to the て-form of another verb.
  • 田中様(たなかさま)()いらっしゃっので案内(あんない)(ねが)いします
    Mr. Tanaka is here, so please see to his needs.
  • マユミさんタクシーに()いらっしゃのでもうすぐ()ます
    Mayumi-san is coming by taxi, so she will be here soon.
  • 今日(きょう)(ある)いらっしゃいそうです
    It appears as though he will come by foot.
Fun Fact
おいでになる is another expression which can replace いる, くる, or いく. This was briefly examined previously in our お~になる grammar point. おいでになる and いらっしゃる are almost completely interchangable.
  • 社長(しゃちょう)忘年会(ぼうねんかい)においでになると()きました。
    I heard that the CEO will be at the end of year party.
  • 社長(しゃちょう)忘年会(ぼうねんかい)いらっしゃる()きました
    I heard that the CEO will be at the end of year party.


  • ()からない(ひと)いらっしゃいます

    Is there anyone who doesn't understand?

  • (きゃく)さんいらっしゃいました

    A customer came.

  • いらっしゃ(ませ)!


  • (さき)いらっしゃったんですが

    He was here, but...

  • (いま)西畑(にしはた)先生(せんせい)いらっしゃいます

    Is Nishihata-sensei in the vicinity now?

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いらっしゃる – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (15 in total)

  • yon1337



    I have a question regarding the example below


    Why is いらっしゃる correct here?

    The verb 教える is not 居る, 来る or 行く, so how come it fits in this sentence?

    The bunpro explanation doesn’t mention any exceptional use of this grammatical structure.

    Looking forward to any replies.


  • nekoyama


    It’s not just 教える but 教えている.

  • yon1337


    Ah, that makes perfect sense now.


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