Grammar Info

N3 Lesson 6: 23/24

かと()うと ②

If you ask me..., If I had to say, If I were to say, If I were to choose one, I'd rather

Structure

Question Word + ((1)) + いう(2)
Question Word + Phrase + ((1)) + いう(2)

(1)
(2) といえ

Details

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    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About ~かというと ②

~かというと is a phrase that has two primary functions. The first is used in conjunction with 'why' and 'how' words, while the other is used with 'who', 'when', 'where', 'which' or 'what'. We will focus on the latter in this lesson. かというと is a combination of the case marking particle か in its use as a question marker, the case marking particle in its citation use, the う - Verb ()う 'to say', and the case marking particle in its result use.
This is quite a few particles combined together, but the literal meaning is more simply 'if (A) were to be asked', before the speaker will go on to highlight their reasoning in (B). (なん)で, (なに), どちら, (だれ), どの, and similar words often appear as the 'who', 'where', or 'which' words in these sentences.
  • (なん)日本(にほん)()()して()かというと (わたし)家族(かぞく)日本(にほん)()でいるからです
    If I were to say why I moved to Japan, it is because my family lives here.
  • (だれ)旅行(りょこう)()たいかというと 大親友(だいしんゆう)()たい
    If I were to say who I wanted to travel with, it would be my best friend.
  • どの(まち)()みたいかというと 両親(りょうしん)()でいる(まち)()みたい(おも)ています
    If I were to say which city I wanted to live in, I think it would be the city that my parents do.
As ~かというと will come before some sort of explanation, から will also regularly be used at the end of the sentence as 'because', emphasizing the speaker's reasoning.
Caution
Like other grammar points that utilize the 'if' nuance of , , and sometimes even たら may be used. However, たら will appear far less frequently than or .
  • (なん)でこんな(こと)になったかといえば(わたし)きちんと確認(かくにん)なかったからです
    If I were to say why something like this happened, well, it is because I did not check properly.
  • (だれ)一番(いちばん)上手(じょうず)かといったらB(ぐみ)タカハシさんです
    If I were to say who was the best, it would be Takahashi-san from class B.

Examples

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  • (なん)こんなことになったかというと、すべてが(はじ)まったのは1週間(しゅうかん)ほど(まえ)学校(がっこう)から(かえ)っていた(とき)...

    If I were to say why it turned out like this, well, it all started around 1 week ago when I was coming back from school...

    • オティス:「人生(じんせい)(もっと)大切(たいせつ)にしているのは(なに)かというとそれ(ひと)でしょう。(わたし)一人(ひとり)ぼっちだった(とき)(たす)けてくれた(ひと)たちのことです。」

      Otis: 'If I were to say what do I value in life the most, that would be: people. (Specifically) the people who helped me when I was all alone.'

      • コウさん:「明日(あした)用事(ようじ)ある一緒(いっしょ)どこかに()?」
        ニノさん:「用事(ようじ)があるわけではないけど、どちらかっていうと(いえ)ゆっくりしたい。」

        Kou: 'Do you have plans for tomorrow? Do you want to go somewhere together?'
        Nino: 'It is not like I have plans, but if I were to choose one, I'd rather take it easy at home.'

        • イチカさん:「ミクちゃんは()(ひと)がいるみたいに()える。」
          イツキさん:「(だれ)()かっていうときっとフウタロウくんでしょう。」

          Ichika: 'It looks like Miku has a crush on someone.'
          Itsuki: 'If I were to say on who, then it would be Futaro.'

          • (なに)(ばん)(はん)()べたいかっていうと...よく()からない...()きそばかもしれん...

            If I were to say what I want for dinner... I don't know... yakisoba, maybe...

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            ~かというと ② – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (8 in total)

            • EdBunpro

              EdBunpro

              Do you remember what the sentence in question was? Will help to hone in on what could potentially be the problem.

            • Bellonz

              Bellonz

              ニノさん:用事があるわけではないけど、どちら(かっていうと) 家でゆっくりしたい。

              I’m guessing maybe it’s just that it is the casual って for と、but it seemed strange that it just marks it wrong instead of asking for a more casual link?

            • Fuga

              Fuga

              Hey there! It seems like というと has been added to the list of accepted answers! Thank you for letting us know about this error and we apologize for the inconvenience!

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