Grammar Info

N1 Lesson 3: 13/17

からある

As much as, As many as, At least

Structure

Number + Counter + からある
Number + Counter + からある + Noun
Number + Counter + からいる
Number + Counter + からいる + Noun

Details

  • Register

    Formal

  • 使用域

    硬い

About からある

Like からする, a structure showing that something 'goes from (A)', からある works in a similar way, but simply shows that something 'exists from (A)'. This grammar pattern will be used when making an estimation where the minimum is being guessed. からある is a combination of the case-marking particle から 'from', and the う-Verb ある 'to be'.
からある will appear after numbers and counters.
  • おじいちゃんは80(さい)なのに60キロからあるダンベルを()()げることができる。
    Even though my grandpa is 80 years old, he is able to lift dumbbells that weigh as much as 60 kilos.
  • 中学生(ちゅうがくせい)(ころ)から()きなバンドのコンサートチケットを()おうとしたら、5000(まい)からあるチケットがすぐに()()れていて、()うことができなかった。
    When I tried to buy concert tickets for a band that I have liked since middle school, I couldn't because as many as 5000 tickets were sold out instantly.
  • (かれ)小柄(こがら)であるにも(かか)わらず、70キロからある冷蔵庫(れいぞうこ)一人(ひとり)()()げることができる。
    Although he is smaller in stature, he can lift refrigerators that weigh as much as 70 kilos, all by himself.
からある has a tendency to appear most frequently when describing things that are thought to be static, such as distances, sizes, or weights.
Caution
Following the standard rules of いる and ある, いる will need to be used if something living is being counted.
  • この会社(かいしゃ)には正社員(せいしゃいん)が3000(にん)からいる
    There are as many as 3000 full time workers in this company.
  • However, this is not a common use of this grammar structure, with からの almost always being used in place of からいる for counting living things.
  • あのコンサートには1(まん)(にん)からの人数(にんずう)がいる。
    There are as many as 10,000 people at that concert.

Examples

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    百匹(ひゃっぴき)からいるネズミをどうやって退治(たいじ)するのか!

    How do you get rid of as many as 100 mice!

    富士山(ふじさん)はここから200キロからあるのに、よく()えます。」

    'Mt. Fuji is as many as 200 kilometers from here, and yet it is quite visible.'

    オーストラリアの大火事(おおかじ)で10(おく)(ひき)からいる動物(どうぶつ)焼死(しょうし)した。

    As many as one billion animals perished in the Australian fires.

    (おおかみ)は、人間(にんげん)には()こえない(おと)()こえる。また、体重(たいじゅう)が80キロからある個体(こたい)もある。

    Wolves can hear sounds that are inaudible to humans. Also, some specimens weigh as much as 80 kilograms.

    名探偵(めいたんてい)ゴナン:「犯人(はんにん)(すく)なくとも3(にん)からいます。」

    The great detective Gonan: 'There are, at the very least, as many as three culprits.'

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