Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 7: 11/18


To do (Honorific)

Remember not to use honorific language when speaking about yourself and your actions!


料理(りょうり)する → 料理(りょうり)なさる
お + Verb[ます]+ なさる

Verb[なかった] → なさらなかった


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About なさる

なさる is an honorific language verb which acknowledges and respects the actions of another (never the speaker). Like お~になる, なさる has exactly the same meaning as する.
なさる can be utilized in any situation where する would be used, as a direct replacement. It is a special-class verb, which means that it has some unique conjugation rules. In its casual form, it will conjugate in exactly the same way as a う-Verb.
  • 週末(しゅうまつ)仕事(しごと)なさるのです
    Are you going to work over the weekend also?
  • 勘違(かんちが)なさないで下さい
    Please don't take this the wrong way.
  • 社長(しゃちょう)先週(せんしゅう)どちらゴルフなさったのです
    Boss, where did you go to play golf last week?
  • 納得(なっとく)なさらないなら(わたし)()てください
    If you are not with me on this, please let me know.
However, in the polite form, instead of る changing to り (as would be expected of a う-Verb), it will change to い instead.
  • ()(もの)どうなさますか?
    What would you like to drink?
  • (わす)(もの)なさませんか
    Did you forget anything?
  • 客様(きゃくさま)、どうなさました
    Valued guest, what seems to be the issue?
  • (かれ)計画(けいかく)()ことはなさませんでした
    He did not do anything to change the plan.
Although some Japanese speakers will use it, expressions like なさっていらっしゃる are considered double keigo (なさる is honorific language, and いらっしゃる is also honorific language), and are technically incorrect. However, なさる may be partnered with ます, which is simply polite speech.
  • 社長(しゃちょう)(いま)、ゴルフなさていらっしゃる
    The CEO is currently playing golf quite playingly. (Unnatural Japanese, with unnatural English to match!)
  • 社長(しゃちょう)(いま)ゴルフなさています
    The CEO is currently playing golf. (Natural Japanese)
Fun Fact
なさる is considered a little bit old fashioned in modern Japanese, and お~になる is the preferred form used by most native speakers.




    What will you have to drink?


    He was away from home this morning.


    I hear that you played sports when you were younger.


    What are you studying now?


    What will you attempt to do?

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なさる – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (29 in total)

  • busnea


    Why do I have to use the polite form in one review but not in the other? What is the indication in those two example sentences?

  • Zaichiki


    Why can’t いらっしゃいました be accepted here? It seems it would fit as a description of a state (in this case, being away)?

  • nekoyama


    It’s phrased as 家を留守にする, maybe closer to “leave the house unattended” in English. いる etc. don’t fit.

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