Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 2: 10/24


Under, Under the supervision of, On the basis of


Noun + もとで(1)

(1) もとに、もと


  • Register


  • 使用域


About の下で

When the noun (もと) 'underneath' is combined with either of the case marking particles で or に, it will indicate that something is happening either under the influence, guidance, or basis of (A). (A) will be a noun that is connected to (もと) or に through the case-marking particle の.
In this grammar structure, (A) may mark either a specific person or some situation equally as naturally.
  • こんな(きび)しい環境(かんきょう)(もと)試料(しりょう)採取(さいしゅ)できたのは(みな)(さま)のおかげです。
    Thanks to all of you, we were able to gather samples under such harsh conditions.
  • 先輩(せんぱい)(もと)(はたら)けて光栄(こうえい)です!
    It is my pleasure that I can work under you!
  • その行為(こうい)はこの法律(ほうりつ)(もと)禁止(きんし)されています。
    That action is prohibited on the basis of this law.
Occasionally, に or で will be able to be omitted in preference of a comma directly after (もと). This expression is considered quite formal, and the omission of the particle in favor of a comma will make it sound even more formal.
  • (みな)さんの協力(きょうりょく)(もと)、このプロジェクトを無事(ぶじ)()えることができました。(みな)さんありがとうございました。
    Under everyone's hard work, we were able to successfully complete this project. Thank you all.
  • 佐々木(ささき)先輩(せんぱい)のご指導(しどう)(もと)企画書(きかくしょ)作成(さくせい)しています。
    I am creating a proposal, on the basis of Sasaki-senpai's guidance.
Fun-fact - (もと) may be replaced with () attached directly to many different nouns, and still carry the same meaning. Examples of these are 統治下(とうちか) 'under the reign', 指揮下(しきか) 'under the direction', 影響下(えいきょうか) 'under the influence', 占領下(せんりょうか) 'under the occupation', 支配下(しはいか) 'under the control', and others.
  • 沖縄(おきなわ)は1945(ねん)から1972(ねん)までアメリカの統治(とうち)()であった。
    Okinawa was under the reign of America from 1945 to 1972.
  • その(くに)現在(げんざい)敵国(てきこく)支配(しはい)()にある。
    Currently, that country is under the control of our enemy.




    The electrical resistance in certain metals suddenly falls to zero under specified conditions. Such super-conductive materials are called 'superconductors' in English.


    In order to battle with Vegika, Songotsu trained under King Kae.


    Under the condition that the temperature is lower than 80 degrees Celcius, this engine can operate non-stop for at least 50000 hours.


    The three years that I worked under my uncle were special to me.


    I want to work somewhere that makes use of the things that I learned under a volcanologist.

  • Get more example sentences!

    Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

Self-Study Sentences

Study your own way!

Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

  • Online

  • Offline

    • 新完全マスター N2

      Page 39-4

  • Track Resources!

    Bunpro tracks all of the resources you’ve visited, and offers relevant bookmarks of physical books to help with offline tracking.

の下で – Grammar Discussion

    There's currently no discussion for の下で
    Ask questions and learn together with other Bunpro users!