Grammar Info

N3 Lesson 8: 2/23


Moreover, Additionally, And also, In addition, Furthermore, Or

また + ても・でも adds more emphasis


Phrase、また + Noun +(
Phrase。また + Noun +(


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About 又〜も

(また)~も is a combination of the adverb (また), a noun, and the adverbial particle も. It can be translated as 'moreover', 'additionally', or 'furthermore'. As も is being used, whatever is being said in (B) will usually be new information.
To use (また)~も, an (A) phrase will be stated, before (また) will open the (B) phrase, and then be followed by a noun + も.
  • このキーボードはピアノ(おと)()せる。また、ギター(おと)()せる。
    This keyboard can make piano sounds. Additionally, it can produce guitar sounds.
  • この電子(でんし)レンジはオーブンとして使(つか)えて、またトースターとしても使(つか)える。
    This microwave can be used as an oven, additionally, it can be used as a toaster.
Instead of も, でも or ても may be used for extra emphasis.
  • ササキ先生(せんせい)理科(りか)先生(せんせい)ですまた地理(ちり)先生(せんせい)でもある
    Sasaki-sensei is a science teacher. She is also a geography teacher.
  • 私達(わたしたち)(なん)でも()います。また(ふる)ても()()ります。
    We will buy anything. Moreover, we will buy it even if it's old.
Fun Fact
The kanji (また) and (また) share an interesting relationship. (また) is used to refer to things that reach a point of separation, but then fold back on themselves (being translated as 'again', or 'in addition'). On the other hand, (また) refers to things that reach a point of separation, and then split (being translated as 'a fork in the road', or 'crotch').


  • 「から」は理由(りゆう)原因(げんいん)(あらわ)す。また、「スマホ画面(がめん)はガラスからできている。」のように(なに)起源(きげん)やソース(あらわ)すことがある

    'から' indicates reason or cause. Additionally, there are also times when it indicates an origin or source of something like 'Smartphone screens are made from glass.'.

    • (いぬ)はイヌ()あるまた(きつね)イヌ()ある

      Dogs are canidae. Additionally foxes are also canidae.

      イヌ科 → Canidae or Family containing dogs, wolves, foxes, etc.

      • (かれ)有名(ゆうめい)歌手(かしゅ)であり、また(うで)いい外科医(げかい)ある

        He is a famous singer, additionally, he is also a skilled surgeon.

        であり is a formal conjunctive.

        • このおもちゃは10~15(さい)のお子様(こさま)()けです。また、6(さい)以上(いじょう)のお子様(こさま)なら保護者(ほごしゃ)同伴(どうはん)でご使用(しよう)いただけます。

          This toy is suitable for children between the ages of 10 and 15. Additionally, it can also be used by children over six, under the supervision of the guardian.

          • 最近(さいきん)のスマートフォンはポータブルコンピュータとして使(つか)えるし、また、コンパスなどの機能(きのう)ある

            Modern smartphones can be used as portable computers, furthermore, they also have functions like compass, etc.

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