Grammar Info

N1 Lesson 7: 5/17


Combined with, Coupled with, Together with

sometimes written as 相俟って!


Noun + (1) + (あい)まって



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About 相まって

(あい)まって is a structure used for showing that (A) and (B) are things that will perform some sort of synergistic task in order to achieve the result of (C). In many cases, either (A) or (B) alone could achieve (C), but their combined action will bring about a better result. This structure is a combination of (あい), 'mutual', or 'reciprocal', and the て-form of the う-Verb ()つ 'to wait on'.
In this pattern, both (A) and (B) will often come before (あい)まって, with either of the case-marking particles と or が being used after the nouns. Common translations include '(A) combined with (B) will (C)', or 'coupled together with (A), (B) will (C)'. As for a literal translation, 'mutually depending on each other, (C)' is fairly close to the exact nuance. See the fun-fact for more about this.
  • あの(ふる)屋敷(やしき)(きり)(あい)まって不気味(ぶきみ)雰囲気(ふんいき)()しています。
    That old mansion, combined with the fog, creates an eerie atmosphere.
  • ツイッターでの流行(りゅうこう)(あい)まって、この漫画(まんが)若者(わかもの)(あいだ)ではすごく人気(にんき)だ。
    Combined with its popularity on Twitter, this manga is very popular among young people.
  • このステーキはシェフ特製(とくせい)のソースが(あい)まって、とても美味(おい)しい。
    This steak is very tasty, coupled with the chef's special sauce.
  • クライアントのアイデアと(わたし)たちの努力(どりょく)(あい)まって、とてもいいイベントを開催(かいさい)することができた。
    The client's ideas, combined with our efforts, resulted in us being able to host a very good event.
Fun Fact
Although ()つ 'to wait on' and ()つ 'to wait for' are very similar, they have a primary difference in their focus. ()つ indicates waiting in the sense of 'waiting for (A) to come', while ()つ indicates 'waiting for (A) to go'. What this means is that with (あい)まって and other uses of ()つ, the important thing happens after (A) and (B) come together. This gives the nuance of (A) and (B) having some kind of reliance on each other in order to do (C). Due to ()つ being far less common in modern Japanese, it will often be written in hiragana.




    Article: 'Peanut butter combined with pickled cucumber gives an unexpected, unique flavor.'


    Novel: 'Twilight combined with a rainbow made the sky look like some sort of candy.'


    Article about city pollution: 'Industry emissions combined with the unfavorable geographical location in the basin makes house air purifiers even more necessary.'


    Game review: Fast paced story development combined with unique characters naturally gained this game much attention among RPG fans.


    Article: 'Weather anomalies combined with rising water levels are a great threat to island countries such as the Maldives.'

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