Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 5: 2/20

Number + も

Emphasis, As ~ as, Not even

Structure

Number + Counter +

Details

  • Register

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About Number + も

The adverbial particle is often used for labeling (A) as part of a category, when it would not usually be considered part of that group. In this way, it emphasizes that (A)'s inclusion is something that is surprising/unexpected in some way.
When is used after a specific number + counter, it shows that the number itself is surprising. This can be when the actual number is lower, or higher than what was expected. Due to this, can translate as 'as much as (A)', or 'not even (A)', and other similar phrases in this expression.
  • 12時間(じかん)仕事(しごと)から(つか)
    I worked as long as 12 hours, so I am tired.
  • その携帯(けいたい)20万円(まんえん)したの?!
    That cellphone cost you as much as 200,000 yen?!
  • (わたし)一回(いっかい)地下鉄(ちかてつ)()たことが()
    I have never taken the subway, not even once.
At first glance, this may seem different than 's translation as 'too' or 'also', but in those cases, is also just pointing out the something unexpected is part or whatever group was initially highlighted.
  • (わたし)()たい
    I want to go too.
The above sentence just shows that the (B) speaker is unexpectedly putting themselves in the group that the (A) speaker initially only considered themselves to be a part of.

Examples

--:--

    10万円(まんえん)(はら)なくてはいけない

    I have to pay as much as 100,000 yen!

    10(かい)やったけど、できなかった

    I tried to do it as many as 10 times but couldn't do it!

    アメリカまで15時間(じかん)かかりました。

    It took as long as 15 hours to get to America!

    10時間(じかん)運転(うんてん)したけどあまり(つか)ていない

    I did as much as 10 hours of driving, but I am not really that tired.

    掃除(そうじ)して」って何回(なんかい)()ったでしょう

    I told you to clean many times, right? (as many as)

  • Get more example sentences!

    Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

Self-Study Sentences

Study your own way!

Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

  • Online


  • Offline

    • Genki II 1st Edition

      Page 36

    • Genki II 2nd Edition

      Page 58

    • みんなの日本語 II

      Page 108 [CH 42]

    • Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide

      Page 253

    • [AIAIJ] An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese

      Page 115

    • [DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar

      Page 250

  • Track Resources!

    Bunpro tracks all of the resources you’ve visited, and offers relevant bookmarks of physical books to help with offline tracking.

Number + も – Grammar Discussion