Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 8: 7/22

()けに

In addition, On top of that, What is more, To make matters worse

話し言葉

Structure

おまけに + Phrase

Details

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    Standard

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    一般

About おまけに

()けに is a phrase which often functions as a conjunction between the (A) and (B) parts of a sentence in order to show that (B) is 'in addition to (A)'.
This structure stems from the common use of the noun お()け which indicates a 'discount' or 'freebie' that is added in addition to the base of (A). Despite お()け itself primarily being used for positive things ()けに may convey 'in addition', 'on top of that', or 'what's more' regardless of whether the original topic is a good thing or not. However, (A) and (B) will always either be both good things, or both bad things, never a mixture of both.
Being a combination of お()け and に, this phrase will appear either at the beginning of a new sentence, or at the beginning of a second clause of a 2-part sentence.
  • 今日(きょう)仕事(しごと)遅刻(ちこく)して部長(ぶちょう)(おこ)られたし、おまけに取引先(とりひきさき)(ひと)(おこ)らせちゃったから、今日(きょう)最悪(さいあく)()だったよ。
    Today was one of the worst days because I got yelled at by my boss for being late to work, and to make it worse, I upset one of our clients.
  • 昨日(きのう)彼氏(かれし)美味(おい)しいご(はん)をご馳走(ちそう)してもらって、おまけにプレゼントまでもらった。
    Yesterday, my boyfriend treated me to a delicious dinner and on top of that he even gave me a gift.
  • パソコンが全然(ぜんぜん)()()がらない。おまけにスマホの充電(じゅうでん)がないから仕事(しごと)全然(ぜんぜん)できない。
    My computer won't turn on. To make matters worse, my smartphone is out of battery, so I can't work at all.
Fun-fact - An important distinction between phrases like それに and ()けに is that ()けに keeps its original meaning of (B) being some kind of 'bonus'. What this means is that whatever the speaker is trying to convey, (A) by itself is enough to meet some specific qualifications, and (B) is just adding 'insult to injury', or 'icing on the cake', depending on whether it is a good or a bad thing.

Examples

  • (いえ)掃除(そうじ)した。おまけにランチを(つく)っといた。

    I have cleaned the house. On top of that, I have also made lunch.

  • 自転車(じてんしゃ)(ぬす)まれただけではなく、おまけに(あめ)()りそうだ。

    Not only has my bike been stolen, but to make matters worse, it looks like it is going to rain.

  • この中古(ちゅうこ)コンピューターは、ハードディスクの速度(そくど)(はや)いし、おまけに(やす)し、すごくいい

    This second-hand computer has a hard disc that is fast, and what is more, it is cheap. It is really great.

  • 競馬(けいば)()け、おまけに(かえ)りに財布(さいふ)()とし、最悪(さいあく)だ。

    I lost at the horse races and, to make matters worse, I lost my wallet on the way home. Worst day ever.

  • 体重(たいじゅう)激増(げきぞう)し、おまけに(かみ)まで(うす)くなった。ストレスですね。

    On top of my hair thinning, my weight suddenly increased. This is definitely stress.

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おまけに – Grammar Discussion