Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 2: 7/17


To finish, To end


Verb[ます+ ()わる


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About おわる

To express that actions are beginning, or ending in Japanese, the verbs (はじ)める (to commence), or ()わる (to end) will need to be used. In this lesson, we will focus on actions that are 'ending'.
To say that (A) is ending/finishing, we will need to attach おわる to the ます stem of almost any verb. Whether you use the hiragana form, or the kanji form does not matter, as there will be no change in nuance.
  • 荷物(にもつ)全部(ぜんぶ)(とど)()わりました
    I have finished delivering all the packages.
  • この(くるま)ローン明日(あした)(はら)()わる
    I will finish paying the loan for this car tomorrow.
Due to おわる being a verb itself, the tense can be changed to show that something will end, is ending, or has ended.
  • 学生生活(がくせいせいかつ)明日(あした)()わります
    My student life will end tomorrow. (Will finish)
  • ん、で()わる言葉(ことば)使(つか)って()
    I used a word ending with ん, and lost. (Is finishing)
  • 戦争(せんそう)20(ねん)(まえ)()わっ
    The war ended 20 years ago. (Has finished)
Unlike はじめる, which uses the transitive form, ()わる uses the intransitive form of its transitive/intransitive pair. This is due to most actions in Japanese being considered to be things that 'come to an end' naturally (intransitive), rather than forcefully (transitive). However, there are exceptions to this, and ()える (the transitive version) may also be seen used as an auxiliary to other verbs.




    It took two hours but I finished eating.


    I will finish making it around three o'clock.


    I finished watching this program.


    Around what time did you finish running?


    Those who have finished fixing the homework, let me know.

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おわる – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (18 in total)

  • IcyIceBear


    Hahaha all your questions are true questions just some answers are found in a different place

  • nikuotoko


    This is intensely frustrating.

    Why isn’t this right?

  • Asher


    The hint of ‘emphasis on order’ is the key point here. 食べ終わってから is the answer, as てから is the grammar point used when showing that (B) only happens after (A). たら is just ‘when’ or ‘if’. Hope this helps, and that you have a great day!

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