Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 5: 9/18


Lead to, Because of, As a start or trigger of, An opportunity


Verb + (1) + きっかけ + に(2)
Noun + きっかけ + に(2)

Verb + (1) + きっかけ + で(3)
Noun + きっかけ + で(3)
Verb + きっかけ + をPhrase(4)

(1) こと
(2) にして、として
(3) になって、となって
(4) はなんだ、になる、となる、である


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About きっかけ

きっかけ 'chance', or ()()け in its kanji form is a noun in Japanese that expresses when the trigger of (A) led to (B). It is often translated simply as 'because of (A), (B)', 'with (A) as a trigger, (B)', or 'with the opportunity of (A), (B)'.
きっかけ primarily appears in two different forms. (A) をきっかけに (B), or (A) がきっかけで (B). This grammar pattern may be seen either with verbs in their past-tense form or nouns. However, in the case of appearing after verbs, it will often be preceded by の or some other nominalizing structure like こと.
  • 彼女(かのじょ)とは、パーティーで()ったのをきっかけに()()(はじ)めた。
    Meeting her at the party led us to start dating.
  • (わたし)入院(にゅういん)をきっかけにタバコを()めることにしました。
    Getting hospitalized led me to stop smoking.
  • この音楽(おんがく)有名(ゆうめい)歌手(かしゅ)がカバーしたのがきっかけで(ふたた)有名(ゆうめい)になった。
    This song became famous again because that famous singer made a cover of it.
  • このゲームがきっかけで、プログラマーになる(こと)ができた。
    This game led me to become a programmer.
In many cases, the trigger of (A) will have the effect of instigating a rather large change or new beginning.
Caution - きっかけ will not be used when the causal relationship between (A) and (B) is plainly obvious, due to what would be expected or easy to anticipate result.
  • ()から()ちたのをきっかけに両腕(りょううで)骨折(こっせつ)した。
    As a result of falling from a tree, I broke both of my arms.
Because of this, it can be thought that きっかけ is almost always referring to the opportunity of (B) appearing because of (A), with some external choice being made, or action being taken on that occasion.




    Father reminiscing: 'Moving during primary school days led to me meeting your mother.'


    With the incident in Sarajevo as a trigger, a war that lasted from 1914 to 1918 broke out and was later called a world war.


    When I was in elementary school, I heard that there was a free (from freedom) operating system. Because of that, I have developed an interest in Linux and IT.


    My mother used to be a smoker, but gifting her an e-cigarette led to her stopping.


    A: 'What led you to apply to work for our company?' B: 'I decided when I saw an advertisement in the newspaper.'

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きっかけ – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (3 in total)

  • Litharrale


    Since it can attach to nouns with both が and を, what’s the difference between the two? Some answers only accept one or the other

  • nekoyama


    I think the legend is wrong; it should show the same difference as it shows for verbs.

    The difference is just grammatical. With を you’re taking something as the きっかけ; with が you’re saying that something is the きっかけ. Like any other noun.

  • mrnoone


    @nekoyama is right, there was an error in the structure section it should be like this (fixed, thank you for the feedback!):

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