Grammar Info

N1 Lesson 1: 8/17


Have a tendency to, Tend to, Be slightly~

In modern Japanese it is written using hiragana.


Verb[る]+ きらいある
Verb[ない]+ きらいある
Noun + + きらいある


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About きらいがある

(きら)いがある is a combination of the noun きらい 'a dislike', the case-marking particle が, and the う-Verb ある 'to be'. It is used to indicate the presence of negative tendencies or habits, and may be translated as 'to have a tendency to (A)', or 'to be prone to (A)'.
This structure will be seen following the dictionary form of verbs, verbs negated with ない, or after nouns ending with の.
  • 彼女(かのじょ)三日(みっか)坊主(ぼうず)だから、(なに)かを(はじ)めてもすぐに()める(きら)いがある
    Since she is a quitter, she tends to quit things as soon as she starts them.
  • (かれ)自分(じぶん)意見(いけん)()わない(きら)いがある
    He tends to not share his own opinions.
  • (ぼん)(やす)みの(あいだ)浅草(あさくさ)()観光客(かんこうきゃく)(かず)上昇(じょうしょう)する(きら)いがある
    The number of tourists visiting Asakusa tends to rise during Obon.
As a more literal translation, (きら)いがある can be thought of as 'having the displeasure of (A)', with the actual 'tendency' merely being implied.
Due to (きら)いがある being quite strong, it is frequently used together with words that will slightly soften the meaning, such as (すこ)し 'a little bit', or どうも 'try as one might'.
  • (とう)さんは(すこ)(つよ)()(かた)をする(きら)いがあるけど、あまり()にしないでね。
    My father tends to use harsh words, but please don't take it personally.
  • 斉藤(さいとう)さんはどうも(ふゆ)になると(いえ)()きこもる(きら)いがあるので、今年(ことし)(ふゆ)斉藤(さいとう)さんとたくさんお()かけに()予定(よてい)です。
    Apparently, Saito-san tends to become a hermit during winter, so I made plans to go out a lot with her this winter.
As (きら)いがある will be used to describe things that are 'displeasurable' from the point of view of the speaker, it will usually not be used in relation to oneself.
  • (わたし)はなんでもすぐ()きる(きら)いがある
    I have a tendency to get bored easily with everything. (Unnatural Japanese)




    A certain person tends to judge a person's nature just by their ethnic group.


    Father always helps people in need. However, the people who received help tend to forget about it.


    Parents these days tend to be overprotective.


    She has a tendency to not respect his feelings.


    Article: 'A 34-year-old man, who was mostly healthy, aside for a tendency to have high blood pressure, has fallen seriously ill due to a bacterial infection.'

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