Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 8: 16/22


Tendency, Trend, Inclination


Verb[る](1) + 傾向(けいこう)
[い]Adjective + 傾向(けいこう)
[な]Adjective + + 傾向(けいこう)
Noun + + 傾向(けいこう)

(1) Verb[た]


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About 傾向がある

傾向(けいこう)がある is a slightly formal grammar pattern used when indicating that there is some sort of 'trend' or 'tendency' existing within (A). Being a combination of the noun 傾向(けいこう) 'inclination', and がある 'to have', the literal meaning is almost identical to the standard English interpretation.
As 傾向(けいこう) itself is a noun, this structure may appear after verbs, い-Adjectives, な-Adjectives followed by な, and nouns followed by の.
  • この(くに)では首都(しゅと)(ちか)づけば(ちか)づくほど物価(ぶっか)()がっていく傾向(けいこう)がある
    In this country, there is a tendency of prices rising as you get closer to the capital.
  • (うつ)(なや)まされている(ひと)気分(きぶん)()(しず)みが(はげ)しい傾向(けいこう)がある
    People suffering from depression are inclined to have severe mood swings.
  • あの会社(かいしゃ)発売(はつばい)する教科書(きょうかしょ)使(つか)いやすくてユニークな傾向(けいこう)がある()われている。
    It is said that textbooks released by that company have a tendency to be user-friendly and unique.
  • 最近(さいきん)世界中(せかいじゅう)小家族化(しょうかぞくか)傾向(けいこう)がある
    Recently, there has been a trend toward smaller families around the world.
Although がある is the most frequent structure seen with 傾向(けいこう), alternatives such as が()られる 'the trend of (A) can be observed' are also widely used.
  • 最近(さいきん)ではコンピューターやスマホが文字(もじ)自動(じどう)変換(へんかん)してくれるので、漢字(かんじ)()(かた)(わす)れてしまう傾向(けいこう)()られる
    Recently, computers and smartphones automatically convert characters, so people tend to forget how to write kanji characters.
It should also be noted that 傾向(けいこう)がある may be used both in instances where the trend is either positve or negative.
Caution - 傾向(けいこう)がある tends to express behaviors or characteristics (static things that aren't actively changing), while 傾向(けいこう)にある focuses more on being in a state of something that is ongoing or proceeding in a certain direction, such as a declining trend.
  • 日本(にほん)少子化(しょうしか)傾向(けいこう)にある
    Japan is experiencing a declining birthrate. (Ongoing trend)
  • この研究(けんきゅう)によると、勤務(きんむ)時間(じかん)(みじか)いほうが仕事(しごと)効率(こうりつ)がよくなる傾向(けいこう)にあるようだ。
    According to this study, shorter work hours tend to improve work efficiency. (Statistics)




    The demand for high-end smartphones has been in a declining trend recently.


    Adults have a tendency to think that no matter what, their opinion is correct.


    People have a strong inclination to unconsciously judge others by appearance.


    The amount of health problems (that arise) has the tendency to increase with aging.


    As the years passed, this trend became visible.

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傾向がある – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (3 in total)

  • airblaster


    What is the difference to わけではない(わけではない | Japanese Grammar SRS) ?

  • Fuga


    訳ではない can be translated as “it does not mean that …”, “I don’t mean that …”, or “it is not the case that”. As @Pushindawood mentioned above, 傾向がある is used to express an inclination towards characteristic or behavior.

    For example:
    ”It doesnt mean everyone in Japan think like that.”

    ”Japanese people tend to think that way.”

    I hope seeing how they are both used helped you understand the difference a little better.

  • airblaster


    Hi Fuga,

    thanks for your answer, unfortunately I just noticed I posted this in the wrong thread.

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