Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 8: 16/22

傾向(けいこう)がある

Tendency, Trend, Inclination

Structure

Verb[る](1) + 傾向(けいこう)
[い]Adjective + 傾向(けいこう)
[な]Adjective + + 傾向(けいこう)
Noun + + 傾向(けいこう)

(1) Verb[た]

Details

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    Formal

  • 使用域

    硬い

About 傾向がある

傾向(けいこう)がある is a slightly formal grammar pattern used when indicating that there is some sort of 'trend' or 'tendency' existing within (A). Being a combination of the noun 傾向(けいこう) 'inclination', and がある 'to have', the literal meaning is almost identical to the standard English interpretation.
As 傾向(けいこう) itself is a noun, this structure may appear after verbs, い-Adjectives, な-Adjectives followed by な, and nouns followed by の.
  • この(くに)では首都(しゅと)(ちか)づけば(ちか)づくほど物価(ぶっか)()がっていく傾向(けいこう)がある
    In this country, there is a tendency of prices rising as you get closer to the capital.
  • (うつ)(なや)まされている(ひと)気分(きぶん)()(しず)みが(はげ)しい傾向(けいこう)がある
    People suffering from depression are inclined to have severe mood swings.
  • あの会社(かいしゃ)発売(はつばい)する教科書(きょうかしょ)使(つか)いやすくてユニークな傾向(けいこう)がある()われている。
    It is said that textbooks released by that company have a tendency to be user-friendly and unique.
  • 最近(さいきん)世界中(せかいじゅう)小家族化(しょうかぞくか)傾向(けいこう)がある
    Recently, there has been a trend toward smaller families around the world.
Although がある is the most frequent structure seen with 傾向(けいこう), alternatives such as が()られる 'the trend of (A) can be observed' are also widely used.
  • 最近(さいきん)ではコンピューターやスマホが文字(もじ)自動(じどう)変換(へんかん)してくれるので、漢字(かんじ)()(かた)(わす)れてしまう傾向(けいこう)()られる
    Recently, computers and smartphones automatically convert characters, so people tend to forget how to write kanji characters.
It should also be noted that 傾向(けいこう)がある may be used both in instances where the trend is either positve or negative.
Caution - 傾向(けいこう)がある tends to express behaviors or characteristics (static things that aren't actively changing), while 傾向(けいこう)にある focuses more on being in a state of something that is ongoing or proceeding in a certain direction, such as a declining trend.
  • 日本(にほん)少子化(しょうしか)傾向(けいこう)にある
    Japan is experiencing a declining birthrate. (Ongoing trend)
  • この研究(けんきゅう)によると、勤務(きんむ)時間(じかん)(みじか)いほうが仕事(しごと)効率(こうりつ)がよくなる傾向(けいこう)にあるようだ。
    According to this study, shorter work hours tend to improve work efficiency. (Statistics)

Examples

  • ハイエンドスマホ需要(じゅよう)最近(さいきん)ますます低下(ていか)傾向(けいこう)ある

    The demand for high-end smartphones has been in a declining trend recently.

  • 大人(おとな)においてはどうして(ほか)(ひと)より自分(じぶん)意見(いけん)(ただ)しいと(おも)ってしまう傾向(けいこう)()られるのだ。

    Adults have a tendency to think that no matter what, their opinion is correct.

    傾向が見られる and 傾向がある are both used to express basically the same thing.

  • 人間(にんげん)無意識(むいしき)外観(がいかん)(ひと)判断(はんだん)してしまう傾向(けいこう)(つよ)

    People have a strong inclination to unconsciously judge others by appearance.

    傾向が強い is widely used to express a strong trend. This can be rephrased to 強い傾向がある.

  • 健康(けんこう)問題(もんだい)数量(すうりょう)老化(ろうか)とともに増加(ぞうか)する傾向(けいこう)がある

    The amount of health problems (that arise) has the tendency to increase with aging.

  • 年月(としつき)()つとともにこの傾向(けいこう)()られるようになった。

    As the years passed, this trend became visible.

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傾向がある – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (3 in total)

  • airblaster

    airblaster

    About 2 years ago

    What is the difference to わけではない(わけではない | Japanese Grammar SRS) ?

  • Fuga

    Fuga

    About 2 years ago

    訳ではない can be translated as “it does not mean that …”, “I don’t mean that …”, or “it is not the case that”. As @Pushindawood mentioned above, 傾向がある is used to express an inclination towards characteristic or behavior.

    For example:
    日本人全員そのように考える訳ではない。
    ”It doesnt mean everyone in Japan think like that.”

    日本人はそのように考える傾向がある。
    ”Japanese people tend to think that way.”

    I hope seeing how they are both used helped you understand the difference a little better.

  • airblaster

    airblaster

    About 2 years ago

    Hi Fuga,

    thanks for your answer, unfortunately I just noticed I posted this in the wrong thread.

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