Grammar Info

N1 Lesson 9: 8/20


Completely, Entirely, All in, Nothing but, A real streak of, Without exception, Jet

づくめ is an older, pre-reform variant. ずくめ should be used instead., There is another suffix that uses づくし, meaning “all sorts/kinds of (A)”


Noun + ずくめ
Noun (A) + ずくめ + + Noun (B)


  • Register


  • 使用域


About ずくめ

Originally stemming from the suffix use of ()く 'completely', or 'using solely', and the addition of め, ずくめ came to be preferentially written as hiragana, with ず replacing づ. This structure may be translated as 'completely (A)', 'all in (A)', or 'nothing but (A)'. Generally, it is attached directly to nouns, and expresses that (A) is to such an extent that nothing apart from (A) can be seen, felt, or noticed.
In cases where ずくめ will directly modify the following noun, の will come between ずくめ and that noun.
  • 今月(こんげつ)仕事(しごと)ずくめになりそうだ。
    It seems like I'm going to be doing nothing but work again this month.
  • 最近(さいきん)(いや)なことずくめ全然(ぜんぜん)(たの)しくない。
    I'm not having the best time right now, because nothing but bad things are happening.
  • (かれ)(くろ)ずくめ(おとこ)たちに誘拐(ゆうかい)された。
    He was kidnapped by men covered in black.
  • 警察(けいさつ)への電話(でんわ):もしもし、(いえ)(まえ)(くろ)ずくめ(くるま)何台(なんだい)()まっているんで(いま)から()住所(じゅうしょ)まできてもらってもいいですか。
    Calling the cops: Hello, there are several jet black cars parked in front of my house, so could you please come to the address I'm about to tell you?
Although づくめ may occasionally be seen in older literature, it is mostly considered incorrect kana usage these days.
While ずくめ may be used in either positive or negative contexts, it is mainly seen in set expressions, so is best used with combinations that you have already heard or read.
Fun Fact
()くし is another older structure that is used to express things that are separate, but are grouped together. This is usually translated as 'all sorts of (A)', or 'all kinds of (A)'. It is the conjunctive form of the う-Verb ()くす 'to be exhaustive' with a voiced pronunciation of the つ.
  • (くに)づくしの(えら)(ひと)(あつ)まった。
    Great people from all sorts of countries gathered.




    Newspaper headline: 'June - A Heatwave full of Temperature Records'


    Regulations are needed, but isn't a society that is about to suffocate with nothing but restrictions overbearing ?


    2020 was a very challenging year full of irregularities, but we somehow got through it.


    Twitter post: 'We are celebrating the marriage with nothing but delicacies from morning till night.'


    A man dressed in a completely black suit was sitting on a bench and pretending to read a newspaper that was upside down.

  • Get more example sentences!

    Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

Self-Study Sentences

Study your own way!

Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

  • Online

    • Offline

        • Try N1

          Page 99

        • Sou Matome Bunpou N1

          Page 135

      • Track Resources!

        Bunpro tracks all of the resources you’ve visited, and offers relevant bookmarks of physical books to help with offline tracking.

      ずくめ – Grammar Discussion

        There's currently no discussion for ずくめ
        Ask questions and learn together with other Bunpro users!