Grammar Info

N1 Lesson 4: 6/17


To be (in a position of), As a, For


Noun + たるに
Noun + たる + Noun


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About たる

たるに is a structure that indicates something that 'is (A)' in the same way as である, and will often be translated as '(B) in the position of (A)', or '(B) as an (A)'. たるに itself as a combination of たる, which is the attributive form of classical auxiliary verb たり, and the case marking particle に.
たるに will appear after a noun marking some sort of position, with a statement about that position following after. It may be used either positively or negatively.
  • あの選手(せんしゅ)()けるぐらいなら、うちのチームの一員(いちいん)たるにふさわしくない。
    If you aren't good enough to defeat that opponent, you are not suitable to be (in the position) a member of our team.
  • あなたは従業員(じゅうぎょういん)たるに相応(ふさわ)しい対応(たいおう)ができたと(おも)っているのかい?
    Do you think that you were able to deal with that as an employee?
たるに is not as common as たるもの, which is a combination of たる and the noun (もの), used to identify people. In these cases, (A) たる(もの) will specifically mean 'a person in the position of (A)', and generally describes what is appropriate of that position. This use may be translated as 'for' or 'as'.
  • 先生(せんせい)たる(もの)生徒(せいと)将来(しょうらい)優先(ゆうせん)するべきだ。
    As teachers, we should put the future of our students first.
  • 警察(けいさつ)たる(もの)国民(こくみん)平和(へいわ)(まも)るべきだ。
    As police, you should protect the peace of the people.
Although this structure means 'to be' in the same way as である, the emphasis is far more on qualifications or expectations related to that position. Due to this, たる will not be used when simply stating that '(B) is (A)'.
Although たる does relate to the suitability of something being in a specific position, be careful not to confuse it with the う-Verb ()る 'to be sufficient', or 'to be worthy'.
Fun Fact
たり itself is a contraction of the case marking particle と and あり 'to be'. This can be compared to なり, which is a contraction of に and あり.




    Above all, to be (in the position of) a teacher, a person must be passionate.


    An employee receiving a reprimand: 'If you cannot even solve that simple problem, then you are not suitable to be (in the position of) an employee at our company.'


    A (person that is in the position of a) student must not get too preoccupied with a part-time job and neglect their studies.


    He who cannot comprehend the relationship between supply and demand is not qualified to be (in the position of) a prime minister.


    A (person that is in the position of a) professional must follow the latest developments in their field.

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たる – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (2 in total)

  • Liras348


    資格がない is an adjective, so shouldn’t my answer still be correct?

  • IcyIceBear


    資格 itself is a noun, with a negative ある attached

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