Grammar Info

N1 Lesson 4: 7/17

なら〜で

If ~ should, Before ~ should

Structure

Verb[る]+ なら(1) + Verb[る]+ で
[い]Adjective + なら(1) + [い]Adjective + で
[な]Adjective + なら + [な]Adjective + で
Noun + なら + Noun + で

(1) のなら

Details

  • Register

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About なら〜で

なら〜で is a structure which appears in situations where the same word will repeat twice, followed by some sort of opinion in regard to it. It can be translated as 'if (A), you should (B)', or 'before (A), you should (B)'. In many cases it will be used to exhibit the speaker's dissatisfaction about something.
なら〜で may follow verbs in their standard forms, い-Adjectives, な-Adjectives or nouns. Both なら and で are functioning as conjunction particles in this grammar pattern.
  • 仕事(しごと)するならするちゃんとしろ!
    If you are going to work, you should do it properly.
  • ()しいなら()しい(はじ)めっから()ってくれればよかったのに!
    If you wanted it, you should have told me so!
  • (いや)なら(いや)やめればいい。嫌々(いやいや)やっていても(だれ)のためにもならないでしょ。
    If you don't like it, you should quit. Continuing something you don't want to do does not benefit anyone.
  • (やす)なら(やす)ちゃんと(やす)んでください。仕事(しごと)のことはわたしたちに(まか)せてもらって全然(ぜんぜん)いいんで。
    If you are going to take a break, please take a break. You can leave work to us, so no need to worry about that.
Caution
This nuance is different to ば~で, なら〜で, and たら~たで, which are used when conveying that something either is or is not an issue in relation to (A). With this pattern, なら〜で will only appear following な-Adjectives.

Examples

--:--

    上司(じょうし):「()なら()るでもっと丁寧(ていねい)仕上(しあ)げなさい。」

    Boss: 'If you are going to paint, then (you should) be more careful.'

    (よる)11()子供(こども):「あした、学校(がっこう)水彩絵(すいさいえ)()()る。」
    (はは):「必要(ひつよう)なら必要(ひつよう)(はや)()っとくべきだったでしょ。もうお(みせ)()まっちゃったよ。」

    11 p.m., child: 'I need watercolors for school tomorrow.'
    Mother: 'If you needed it, you should have told me sooner. The shops are already closed.'

    (むすめ):「もう空港(くうこう)で1時間(じかん)()ってるよ。」
    (はは):「もう()っているなら()っているでもっと(はや)くケータイを()らしてくれたらよかったのに・・・」

    Daughter: 'I have already been waiting at the airport for an hour!'
    Mother: 'If you were already waiting, then you should have called me sooner…'

    彼女(かのじょ):「(じつ)はお(なか)(いた)いの...」
    彼氏(かれし):「お(なか)(いた)いなら(いた)、ベッドで()(ほう)がいいよ。あとは(おれ)(まか)せてね。」

    Girlfriend: 'To be honest, my stomach hurts...'
    Boyfriend: 'If your stomach hurts then you had better lie in bed. Leave the rest to me, ok?'

    イライラした(つま)、ダラダラ()べる(おっと):「()べるなら()べるで、きちんと()べなさい。」

    Irritated wife to her husband who is sluggishly eating: 'If you are going to eat, you should do it properly!'

  • Get more example sentences!

    Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

Self-Study Sentences

Study your own way!

Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

  • Online


  • Offline

    • Try N1

      Page 115

    • Shin Kanzen Master N1 Bunpou

      Page 47

  • Track Resources!

    Bunpro tracks all of the resources you’ve visited, and offers relevant bookmarks of physical books to help with offline tracking.

なら〜で – Grammar Discussion

    There's currently no discussion for なら〜で
    Ask questions and learn together with other Bunpro users!