Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 7: 8/18

~て + くれない

Won't you?, Will you?, Could you?, Can you?, Would you?

These expressions are used with a rising intonation

Structure

Verb[て]+ くれない
Verb[て]+ もらえない

Could you not
Verb[ないで]+ くれない
Verb[ないで]+ もらえない

Levels of politeness

Details

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    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About てくれない・てもらえない

When used in the negative, てくれない (coming from てくれる), and てもらえない (coming from てもらえる), are similar to the negative question form of じゃないか. They express the following:
てくれない - Would you not do (A) for me?
てもらえない - Could I not have you do (A) for me?
  • (わたし)漢字(かんじ)(おし)てくれない
    Would you not teach me kanji? (Would you please teach me kanji?)
  • (みち)調(しら)てもらえない
    Could I get you to look up the way?
In both of these constructions. (the question particle) may be omitted. However, they do sound slightly more polite when is used.
  • 今日(きょう)だけ自転車(じてんしゃ)()てくれないか?
    Just for today, would you not let me borrow your bike?
  • テレビ()てもらえないか。
    Could I get you to turn the TV on for me, please?
Let's examine the following list, for a scale of the level of politeness.
てくれ, てくれる, てもらえる, てくれない(か), てもらえない(か)
Caution
Despite the above list, てくれ may be considered a bit rude, and should be avoided in most situations.

Examples

  • (ちゃ)()てくれない

    Won't you make some tea for me?

  • うちでも(はたら)てくれない

    Won't you work at my place (for me) too?

  • まつさに先生(せんせい):「みしまさんちょっとにったさん手伝(てつだ)ってあげてくれない

    Matsusani-sensei: 'Mishima-san, won't you help Nitta a bit?'

    In this case help for a 3rd person is being requested, not for the speaker himself/herself.

  • こっち醤油(しょうゆ)()てもらえない

    Won't you pass (take) the soy sauce (for me?)

  • ヘアドライヤー()てもらえない(あさ)だけ

    Could I get you to lend me your hairdryer? Only for the morning.

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てくれない・てもらえない – Grammar Discussion