Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 9: 2/16

でできる

Made of, Made from, Produced from, Come from

できている → more specific, できる → more general

Structure

Noun + (1) + できる

(1) から

Details

  • Register

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About でできる・からできる

でできる, or からできる are two structures that share very similar meanings. Basically, they both mean '(B) was made from/out of (A)'. These constructions highlight the 'ingredients', or 'materials' that something is/was made out of. Let's look at some examples.
  • 今日(きょう)(たまご)鶏肉(とりにく)でできる料理(りょうり)紹介(しょうかい)します
    Today we will introduce a food that is made from eggs and chicken.
  • 味噌(みそ)苦手(にがて)なので味噌(みそ)からできるもの()べれません。
    Because I don't like miso, I can't eat things made from it.
から and are both case marking particles in this grammar point, and while they express much the same thing when translated into English, there is a slight nuance difference. These differences are as follows:
から - Literally 'prepared from'. Tends to be used more frequently when the material is not obvious at first glance. May also put focus on the ingredients/materials before there was any alteration.
- Literally 'prepared with'. Tends to be used more frequently when the materials are more obvious.
Despite this, recent generations use in most situations, regardless of if the material is visible at first glance or not. As a result, でできる and からできる are almost indistinguishable in modern Japanese.
Caution
There is also a small nuance difference between できる, and できている, when used as part of this construction. できる is usually used when talking about something broadly 'everything in category (B) is made from (A)', while できている is used more frequently when examining a specific item 'this particular (B) is made from (A)'. Like the difference between and から though, they are largely interchangeable.
  • 最近(さいきん)コンクリートでできる(いえ)人気(にんき)
    Recently, houses made of concrete are popular. (Houses in general)
  • この(はし)(たけ)でできている
    These chopsticks are made from bamboo. (This specific pair of chopsticks)

Examples

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    裏面(りめん)ガラスでできるスマホ最近(さいきん)売行(うれゆ)いい

    Recently there has been demand for smartphones with the back made of glass.

    このワイントップクラスブドウからできています。どうぞ()んでください。

    This wine is made from top-class grapes. Please, try it.

    スーパー木曜日(もくようび)にミルクからできる製品(せいひん)セールする

    The supermarket is having a sale of products made from milk on Thursday! (come from)

    このスマホ裏面(りめん)プラスチックでできているみたいだけど(じつ)塗装(とそう)したメタルです

    The back of this smartphone seems to be made of plastic, but in reality, it is made from painted metal.

    飛行機(ひこうき)(かる)物質(ぶっしつ)からできる必要(ひつよう)がある。

    It is necessary to build planes from light materials.

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でできる・からできる – Grammar Discussion