Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 9: 1/16

し (Reasons)

And, Giving reasons

The last し in a sentence can be replaced with から or ので


Verb (A) + + (Verb (B) +
[い]Adjective (A) + + ([い]Adjective (B) +
[な]Adjective (A) + + し + ([な]Adjective (B) + + し
Noun (A) + + し + (Noun (B) + + し


  • Register


  • 使用域


About し~し

Like , is a conjunction particle. This means that it is used for linking the (A) and (B) parts of a sentence, and describing that link in some way. The 'description' that will highlight is 'reasons'. Regularly it is translated simply as 'and'.
may be connected to the end of almost any word, but will require a before it when it comes after nouns or な-Adjectives. will follow every 'reason' that is being listed in a sentence. However, the last may be replaced with から or ので, before the 'result' is stated.
  • 彼女(かのじょ)ピアノ()ける、スポーツできる彼女(かのじょ)出来(でき)ないことはない(おも)
    She can play the piano and she can do sports. I think there isn't anything she can't do.
  • このレストラン(たか)、まず(なに)いいところない
    This restaurant is expensive and doesn't taste good. There are no good parts.
  • (かれ)真面目(まじめ)親切(しんせつ)(かれ)友達(ともだち)でよかった
    He is serious and nice. I am glad that he is my friend.
  • 今日(きょう)(やす)()今日(きょう)公園(こうえん)()こう
    Today is my day off, and it's sunny, so let's go to the park.
Using will indicate that each 'reason' being listed is of equal weight/importance. Because of this, it would not be appropriate to use in sentences where one of the reasons clearly far outweighs everything else.
  • 昨日(きのう)(あめ)()てた、おばあちゃん()くなっ(かな)な。
    It was raining yesterday and my grandmother also passed away, so I'm sad. (Unnatural Japanese, as the level of sadness between losing your grandmother, and it being a rainy day would be completely different)
Fun Fact
In all of its uses, indicates things that are 矛盾(むじゅん)()共存(きょうぞん)する, which basically means 'things that coexist, without contradicting each other'. This is the primary reason why each thing listed must be of equal importance (in terms of the overall story that the speaker is trying to convey).




    He can clean and cook (among other things). I am glad that I married him.


    This red is cute and the design is good (among other things). I want to buy this hat!


    She is kind and beautiful (among other things). I really love her.


    This neighborhood is safe and the store is close and the people are nice, so I wouldn't mind living here.


    I have absolutely no desire to do it and there are too many things to do (among other things), (so) I am thinking about giving up.

  • Get more example sentences!

    Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

Self-Study Sentences

Study your own way!

Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

  • Online

  • Offline

    • Genki II 1st Edition

      Page 11

    • みんなの日本語 II

      Page 24 [CH 28]

    • Genki II 2nd Edition

      Page 31

    • Marugoto Elementary 2 (A2) Rikai

      Page 66

    • [DBJG] A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar

      Page 395

    • Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide

      Page 112

  • Track Resources!

    Bunpro tracks all of the resources you’ve visited, and offers relevant bookmarks of physical books to help with offline tracking.

し~し – Grammar Discussion

    There's currently no discussion for し~し
    Ask questions and learn together with other Bunpro users!