Grammar Info

N3 Lesson 7: 8/21


Like, Similar to, Unlike, Dissimilar to


Noun + + (おな)
Noun + + (ちが)って


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About と同じで・と違って

Two regular expressions that are used in Japanese for conveying similarity, and dissimilarity are と(おな)じで 'the same as (A)', and と(ちが)って 'different to (A)'. While both of these structures use the case marking particle と to mark (A), (おな)じ is a noun, while (ちが)って is the て form of the う - Verb, (ちが)う. Due to this, the auxiliary verb is required after (おな)じ, in order to link (A) and (B). will appear in its conjunctive form.
Both と(おな)じで and と(ちが)って will be preceded by a noun or noun phrase, before the (B) part of the sentence will describe the similarity/dissimilarity.
  • (かれ)(ぼく)(おな)じで(ねこ)アレルギーです
    Just like me, he is allergic to cats.
  • (はは)(わたし)(おな)じで、アウトドア()です
    Just like me, my mother likes the outdoors.
  • (わたし)(おとうと)(ちが)って(ほん)()のが大好()です
    Unlike my brother, I love to read books.
  • 彼女(かのじょ)(わたし)(ちが)って遊園地(ゆうえんち)苦手(にがて)です
    Unlike me, she does not like amusement parks very much.
In this structure, as the conjunction particle て, has a similar role to the conjunctive form of だ (で), both expressions are simply stating that (B) is existing in a state of 'having sameness', or 'having difference' with (A).




    Unlike her mother, she is good at cooking.


    Just like his father, he is a hard worker.


    Unlike other people, I find it hard to cut ties with my family.


    Like you, I agree with that opinion.


    Unlike the president, the vice president is kind.

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      と同じで・と違って – Grammar Discussion

      Most Recent Replies (1 in total)

      • simias


        I’m not sure why these two constructs are crammed in the same grammar point, usually Bunpro doesn’t hesitate to use separate points for antonyms even when they’re just straight negation of the other (for instance はずだ/はずかない or わけだ/わけではない).

        Given that here different vocabulary and different grammar is being used, I think it would make sense to practice these two construct separately.

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