Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 7: 8/13


Already, Anymore


もう + (Past) Phrase
もう + (Negative) Phrase


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About もう

In English, もう is regularly translated to 'already', or 'anymore', depending on if it is used in a positive-past (already), or negative (anymore) sentence. The reason that Japanese only requires one word for both of these nuances is due to もう literally meaning 'something has unexpectedly ended'.
  • (あさ)ごはんもう()
    I already ate breakfast. (Although you probably didn't expect it, I have already eaten breakfast)
  • もう(かね)ない。
    I don't have any more money. (Although you probably didn't expect it, I have no money)
From these sentences we can see that もう can be translated in each case as the following.
(Past) - Although expected to not be done, it is. 'Already', in English.
(Negative) - Although expected to still be going, it isn't. 'Anymore', in English.
This is the opposite of まだ, which means 'something is unexpectedly still going'.
もう may also be used to ask questions. This is when the speaker thinks that something 'might' have ended, but wants to confirm.
  • もうデザート()
    Did you already eat dessert?
Fun Fact
もう is often used simply as an expression of exasperation (giving up on arguing), to show that someone has already reached the point of not wanting to continue.
  • あ~もう無理(むり)
    Ugh, that's enough. (I've had enough, I'm done arguing/continuing)


  • もう学校(がっこう)()きました

    Did you already go to school?

  • もうその(ほん)()んだ

    I have already read that book.

  • もうコーヒー(つく)りました

    I already made coffee.

  • もうしました

    I already did it.

  • もう(かえ)った

    They already went home.

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もう – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (8 in total)

  • max99x


    About 4 years ago

    Good to know! Thanks!

  • mrnoone


    About 4 years ago

    No problemo, and also,


  • maxduff


    About 2 years ago

    Hello everyone,
    I have trouble understanding the structure of the sentence :


    At first I tried to input 犬の散歩もうしました。but it was incorrect.

    Why is there no particle before もう ? I can see no conjunction between 犬の散歩 and the rest of the sentence. I couldn’t find any other example of もう not following a particle, except at the beginning of a clause. Sorry if it’s a dumb question but I’m a beginner and it doesn’t make sense to me

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