Grammar Info

N3 Lesson 10: 20/20

左右(さゆう)する

Influence, Impact, Control

Structure

左右(さゆう) + する(1)
左右(さゆう) + する(1) + Noun

(1) される

Details

  • Register

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About 左右する

左右(さゆう) is a noun that may literally be translated as 'left and right'. This particular noun is quite often used as a する verb, in order to convey the level of control someone has over a specific situation. This control may be translated as 'influence', 'impact', 'dictate' or simply 'control'.
左右(さゆう)する may be used by itself, when describing a whole clause, or it may be followed directly by another noun, to show exactly what is being controlled/influenced.
  • (あたら)しくできる法律(ほうりつ)によって国民(こくみん)自由(じゆう)(おお)きく左右(さゆう)するかもしれません
    Depending on the new law that is being made, it may influence the freedom of its citizens.
  • 砂糖(さとう)()れるか()れないか(あじ)(おお)きく左右(さゆう)することがある
    Depending on whether you put in sugar or not, there are times where it influences the flavor greatly.
  • 商品(しょうひん)値段(ねだん)はお(きゃく)さん商品(しょうひん)()うか()わない左右(さゆう)することがある
    There are times when the price of a product dictates whether the customer will buy it or not.
  • (にく)()てからタレいれること(あじ)(おお)きく左右(さゆう)する原因(げんいん)の一つだ
    Cooking the meat before you add the sauce is a factor that will greatly impact the flavor.
左右(さゆう)する is frequently seen in the passive form 左右(さゆう)される. This is used most often when the noun following される is the thing that is being controlled itself, rather than こと or もの referring back to an earlier statement.
  • この(ひと)(はな)(ひと)意見(いけん)左右(さゆう)されること(おお)です
    This person's opinions are easily influenced by those they talk to.
  • 農業(のうぎょう)天気(てんき)に大き左右(さゆう)される仕事(しごと)です
    Farming is a job that is largely controlled by the weather.
Caution
左右(さゆう)する implies direct (A)'s direct control of (B), and is far stronger than to affect '影響(えいきょう)'. Due to this, 左右(さゆう) may be thought of as being closer to 'to dominate' in English. In Japanese though, the most basic description is (おも)ままに(うご)かす 'to move exactly as one wishes'.

Examples

--:--

    流行(りゅうこう)についてのサイト、記事(きじ)のタイトル:「靴磨(くつみが)きが(くつ)寿命(じゅみょう)(うつく)しさを左右(さゆう)する

    Website about fashion, title of an article: 'Polishing shoes influences the shoe's lifespan and beauty.' (impacts・affects)

    歴史書(れきししょ):「古代(こだい)ギリシャ(じん)自分(じぶん)たちの生活(せいかつ)神々(かみがみ)左右(さゆう)される(しん)じていた。」

    History book: 'Ancient Greeks believed that their lives were influenced by gods.' (impacted・controlled)

    ビジネス記事(きじ):「(あたら)しい法律(ほうりつ)電気(でんき)自動車(じどうしゃ)需要(じゅよう)左右(さゆう)するかもしれない。」

    Business article: 'The new law may influence the demand for electric cars.' (impact・control)

    教科書(きょうかしょ):「裁判官(さいばんかん)賄賂(わいろ)などによって左右(さゆう)されないよう()給与(きゅうよ)保証(ほしょう)されている。」

    Textbook: 'Judges are guaranteed a decent salary so that they won't be swayed (influenced) by bribes and the like. ' (impacted・controlled)

    記事(きじ):「平均余命(へいきんよめい)(おお)きく左右(さゆう)するのは食生活(しょくせいかつ)睡眠時間(すいみんじかん)だと(かんが)えられている。」

    Article: 'One's eating habits and the amount of sleep one gets are thought to have a huge influence on life expectancy.' (impact・control)

  • Get more example sentences!

    Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

Self-Study Sentences

Study your own way!

Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

  • Online


  • Offline

    • Tobira

      Page 330

  • Track Resources!

    Bunpro tracks all of the resources you’ve visited, and offers relevant bookmarks of physical books to help with offline tracking.

左右する – Grammar Discussion

    There's currently no discussion for 左右する
    Ask questions and learn together with other Bunpro users!