Grammar Info

N3 Lesson 2: 15/22

(てき)

~ly・~like・~al, Typical

adjectivization

Structure

Noun + (てき) +
Noun + (てき) + + Noun

Details

  • Register

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About 的

(てき) is a 接語尾(せつごび) (suffix) in Japanese that has two primary uses. The first use is very similar to 'as' or 'for' in English, and means 'considering/within the category of (A), (B)'. The second use primarily relates to people, and will be covered later. As a single word, (てき) is often likened to adjective endings such as '~ly', '~like', and '~al'.
To use (てき), attach it to the end of a noun that you want to express as being the focus point of either a verb or a noun that will come later in the sentence. When describing a noun, (てき) will be followed by な (meaning that it becomes a な-Adjective). When describing a verb, it will be followed by に (making it an adverb).
  • そんな感情(かんじょう)(てき)にならなくてもいいのに
    You don't have to get that emotional. (Speaking in terms of emotions, there's no need to get like that)
  • フィルターは定期(ていき)(てき)掃除(そうじ)てください
    Please clean the filter regularly. (Speaking in terms of regularity, please clean the filter as such)
  • それ個人(こじん)(てき)(かんが)ですよね?
    That is a personal way of thinking, isn't it? (Speaking in terms of individuality, it's that kind of thought, right?)
  • さっきなんか宗教(しゅうきょう)(てき)(ひと)たち(いえ)()た。
    Earlier, some religious people came to the house. (Speaking in terms of religion, some people like that came earlier)
Fun Fact
The second common use of (てき) is specifically with the names of people, and highlights that (B) is something that is being considered in regard to (A). (A) being the person mentioned. This may be used either positively or negatively. In English, this is similar to 'that's so (A)', or 'just what you'd expect of (A)'.
  • リサ(てき)にはどう(おも)う?
    In a Lisa-way, what do you think? (What is your opinion)
  • それ本当(ほんとう)にタナカ(てき)(かんが)(かた)
    That is such a Tanaka-way of thinking.
Fun Fact
The easiest way to understand and use (てき) correctly almost all the time, is by knowing another common suffix, (けん). Let's look at how these suffixes compare:
(けん) - Occurring in the sphere of (A), (B). (B) only happens inside of (A).
(てき) - Speaking in the sphere of (A), (B). (B) can only be said within the sphere of (A).
  • (かれ)英語(えいご)(けん)(くに)()()しました。
    He moved to an English speaking country. (A country within the English speaking world)
  • 彼女(かのじょ)国民(こくみん)(てき)アイドルです
    She is a national star. (Speaking in terms of the nation, she is a star)
As we can see here, when you want to convey something that can be said from a specific standpoint, (てき) will be a logical choice.

Examples

  • 時期(じき)(てき)(あめ)()りやすい。

    Typical of the season, it is more likely to rain.

  • (かれ)いつも自発(じはつ)(てき)掃除(そうじ)をしてくれます。

    He always spontaneously cleans for me.

  • 感動(かんどう)(てき)映画(えいが)だった。

    It was an emotional movie.

  • なんだって肯定(こうてい)(てき)意見(いけん)否定(ひてい)(てき)意見(いけん)がある。

    There are both positive and negative opinions at any issue.

  • あの台風(たいふう)破壊(はかい)(てき)だった。

    That typhoon was destructive.

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的 – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (3 in total)

  • jmadsen

    jmadsen

    I think this might be a bug in the answer, but want to check here first:

    時期__雨が降りやすい。

    The hint & answer are “tie it to the verb” with Noun + + Verb, but doesn’t 時期 describe the 雨 (and so Noun + ・な + Noun)?

  • gyroninja

    gyroninja

    If you look at the translation it’s not modifying rain.

  • jmadsen

    jmadsen

    Ah, I see now - it is describing the likelihood of “falling”

    Thank you!

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