Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 10: 4/12

~て (Qualities and States)

And..., Both and (Conjunctive)

Structure

[い]Adjective[ + +
[な]Adjective + + Phrase
Noun + + Phrase

Details

  • Part of Speech

    Particle

  • Word Type

    Conjunctive Particle

  • Register

    Standard

  • 品詞

    助詞

  • 単語の種類

    接続助詞

  • 使用域

    一般

About Adjective + て + B

The form of an い-Adjective, or form of a noun (or な-Adjective) is exactly the same as the form of a verb, in that it carries the meaning of 'and', and is used for linking.
Building on from the adjective +て, noun + で grammar point, instead of linking adjectives, adjective + て + (B) is used for linking an adjective to an entire phrase. With this construction, the phrase is simply added after (with い-Adjectives), or (with nouns and な-Adjectives), without any extra consideration for the phrase following it (this means that the (B) phrase will behave as if it was its own sentence).
  • 田中(たなか)さん(いぬ)(ふと)(ひと)(あそ)のが()です
    Tanaka-san's dog is fat, and likes playing with people.
  • マサミ綺麗(きれい)水泳(すいえい)趣味(しゅみ)です
    Masami is beautiful, and swimming is her hobby.
  • トミー漫画家(まんがか)たまに学校(がっこう)国語(こくご)(おし)えている
    Tommy is a cartoonist, and occasionally teaches the national language at school.
As with adjective +て, noun + で, it should be noted that and are different structures here. is the same conjunction particle that is used with verbs (meaning that い-Adjectives are similar to verbs), while is actually a form of that is used for conjugation. It is the same as the one that is used in the formal version of , である. Which we will learn later.
Caution
Like other forms (ている 1, ている 2, and ている 3), the (or ) form of other words can have several possible meanings. These meanings are as follows.
Linking - Like 'and' in English.
Reasons - Like 'with (A)', or 'because of (A)' in English.
Manner - Like 'to do (B) in an (A) way' in English.
  • このスマホ(あたら)しく(はや)
    This phone is new and fast. (Linking)
  • このアイスクリーム(あま)美味(おい)
    This ice cream is delicious because it is sweet. (Reasons)
  • (こえ)()(はな)てください
    Please project when you speak. (Manner)
Caution
As with all other conjugations of いい, remember that it will be よくて, and not いくて.

Examples

  • りさ()(たか)かわいいです

    Risa is tall and cute.

  • (しず)平和(へいわ)ところ()みたい

    I want to live in a quiet and peaceful place.

  • ほろさん親切(しんせつ)(やさ)しい

    Holo is kind and gentle.

  • 「ルフィさん(あか)るくいい(ひと)です。」
    そうです。」

    'Luffy is a bright and good-natured person, isn't he?'
    'That's right.'

  • 新田(にった)さん(かな)しく(さび)しかったんです

    Nitta was (used to be) sad and lonely.

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Adjective + て + B – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (9 in total)

  • Terilian

    Terilian

    About 2 years ago

    Thanks, makes sense. I dont really have any other people to clear stuff like this up with which seem important to get nuances and grammar points right, so I am very thankful for any help.

    Yes, all three adjectives modify apple which makes the apple big, and round, and red. If we were talking about big apples, round apples, and red apples you would need to make list which you can do using particles like と, も, に, etc.

    Now that you say it, this comparison made the use of this grammar point quite a bit clearer, great!

  • Terilian

    Terilian

    About 2 years ago

    months later revising stuff and back here again

    grafik748×615 57.9 KB
  • Daru

    Daru

    About 1 year ago

    You answered your own question: it depends in the context!

    Remember that while it is 3 separate uses, the basic meaning stays the same. So really, its as if the 3 are happening at the same time, yet context define which of the three is happening. So even the same exact sentence can come off differently depending on the context.

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