Grammar Info

N4 Lesson 7: 6/18

ないで (Casual Request)

(Please) do not (for me), Casual request

Structure

Verb[ない]+

Details

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About Verb[ないで]

ないでください is a polite way to express 'please don't do (A)'. However, such politeness is often not required, like in conversations between close friends. In these cases, ないで by itself may be used for the same purpose. Although grammatically the same as the ないで with the meaning of 'without doing (A), (B)', rather having a part (A) and a part (B) to the sentence, this ないで acts more like a simple statement.
ないで combines the auxiliary verb ない, with the case marking particle, . To use this structure, simply attach it to the negative stem of the verb that you wish to request someone not to do. The sentence itself usually finishes with ないで.
  • 先生(せんせい):「そこの生徒(せいと)授業中(じゅぎょうちゅう)()ないで!」
    Teacher: 'The student there, please don't sleep during class!'
  • (はは)(むすめ)に:「()らない(ひと)についていかないで約束(やくそく)よ。」
    Mother to her daughter: 'Please don't go with people you don't know! That's a promise.'
  • (つま)(おっと)に:「貯金(ちょきん)をしたいから、無駄(むだ)(もの)にお(かね)使(つか)ないで。」
    Wife to her husband: 'I want to save up, so please don't use money recklessly.'

Examples

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    (あね)(おとうと)():「(たの)から(おや)(なに)()わないで。」

    Elder sister speaking to her younger brother: 'I am asking you, so (please) don't tell our parents.'

    母親(ははおや)子供(こども)():「お(とう)さんまだ()ているので(おお)(こえ)()さないで。」

    Mother speaking to her child: 'Since dad is still sleeping, (please) don't talk loudly.'

    母親(ははおや)子供(こども)():「いい()から()かないで。」

    Mother speaking to her child: 'You are a good child, so (please) don't cry, okay? '

    ()(まえ)携帯(けいたい)使(つか)たり、おかし()たりしないで

    Before going to bed, (please) don't do things like use your phone or eat candy.

    ()てからジェットコースターに()らないで

    (Please) don't ride a rollercoaster after eating.

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Verb[ないで] – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (14 in total)

  • Soryo

    Soryo

    Yeah, and it’s still the case. The explanation is about “without doing” and not the casual request structure

  • henriqueblang

    henriqueblang

    Bumping for the aforementioned reasons.

  • Asher

    Asher

    Will fix this tomorrow! Apologies for the delay everyone

    Update - Fixed! Once again, apologies for the delay on this one everyone. The description has been rewritten, and new example sentences have also been provided.

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