Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 10: 8/12

あげる

To give (away), To present, To provide

For both あげる and くれる, に marks the recipient

Structure

Giver(*)(1) + Recipient(*) + Object(*)あげる

Recipient(*) + Giver(*)(1) + Object(*)あげる

Giver(*)(1) + Object(*) + Recipient(*)あげる

(*) Giver, Recipent and Object are Nouns
(1)

Details

  • Part of Speech

    Verb

  • Word Type

    Independent Word

  • Register

    Standard

  • 品詞

    動詞

  • 単語の種類

    自立語

  • 使用域

    一般

Rare Kanji

上げる

About あげる

あげる is a verb with many uses in Japanese. It's original meaning is 'to raise', but is also used as a polite speech way of saying 'to give'. In this way it can be thought of as similar to 'to offer up' in English. As polite speech has the same basic subject and object rules as standard speech, the giver will be marked with or , while the recipient will be marked with . As usual, the 'object' that is being given will be marked with .

From these three examples, we can see that the order of 'giver', 'recipient', and 'object' does not matter, so long as the correct particles are used.

Caution

あげる should not be used when giving something to someone of a higher status, or when lowering oneself to elevate another. This is done through honorific language, or humble speech, and will use different verbs.

Fun Fact

Although あげる is considered polite speech, it is the most natural way of saying 'to give'. やる is the 'casual' equivalent of あげる, but due to やる sounding a little bit rough, あげる became the standard.

  • このペン(まえ)やる
    I will give you this pen. (This pen is all yours)
  • このペン(まえ)あげる
    I will give you this pen.

Examples

--:--

    その(かさ)あげます

    I will give you that umbrella. (away)

    (わたし)(おとうと)()(もの)あげた

    I gave my little brother a drink. (away)

    宝箱(たからばこ)(かぎ)あげます

    I will give you a key to a treasure chest. (away)

    (かみ)あげるのでメモして

    Since I will give you some paper, take some notes. (away)

    (かれ)スマホあげましょう

    Let's give him a smartphone! (away)

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あげる – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (6 in total)

  • Pushindawood

    Pushindawood

    @matt_in_mito Awesome explanation and link! I have added this video to the Readings sections of あげる, くれる, もらう. Cheers!

  • Joluju

    Joluju

    Thanks for the link, it is a useful video, it makes things more clearer.
    Now I understand what confused me. In “[あげる describes something being given to someone outside your inner circle]” the term “inner circle” is not defined. I didn’t know I could be my own inner circle, I thought the inner circle was me + family + friends, that’s why.
    A short sentence cannot convey enough information, a video or a drawing is a big help.

  • matt_in_mito

    matt_in_mito

    Glad it helped. As I say, I got so confused with this when I first started and this video just made it so simple for me. This guy does other videos too, which are also really clear and east to understand, but this one probably helped me the most.

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