Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 6: 4/13


Was, Were (Past tense)

い-Adjectives cannot be used with だった・でした


Noun + だった
[な]Adjective + だった


  • Part of Speech

    Auxiliary Verb

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About だった・でした

In order to say that something 'was' a certain way in Japanese, you will need to use だった (casual) or でした (polite) attached to the end of a noun or な-Adjective. This is simply a combination of two auxiliary verbs, (or です when polite) with た. For だった, we will need to add った to the base form of . For です, す will change to し before adding た.
  • あの電車(でんしゃ)(しず)だった
    That train was quiet.
  • 富士山(ふじさん)綺麗(きれい)でした
    Mt. Fuji was beautiful.
The past form of い-Adjectives cannot be linked with だった or でした, as they have their own set of conjugation rules.


  • 綺麗(きれい) だった

    It was beautiful.

  • トムだった

    It was Tom.

  • (わたし)(くるま)(いろ)ピンクでした

    My car was pink.

  • それ昨日(きのう)でした

    That was yesterday.

  • (ねこ)(だい)()だった

    I really liked cats. (Cats were loved by me)

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