(*) The い can be omitted in casual language.
Part of Speech
- クラスは始まっている。The class has already started. (Existing in the state of having started)
- お母さんは今買い物に行っています。My mom went out to go shopping. (Existing in the state of having gone)
- あの犬は死んでいるだろう、悲しいね 。That dog over there is probably dead… How upsetting. (Existing in the state of having died)
- 先生がめちゃ怒っている。My teacher is very angry. (Existing in the state of having gotten angry)
- ピアノが落ちている。The piano has fallen. (Existing in the state of having fallen)
The bus is in Osaka now. (The bus has come to Osaka and is there now)
Movement words like いく、帰る、and くる can also be interpreted as progressive actions, so depending on the context, it can also mean 'The bus is going to Osaka now.' If you want to convey progressive action in a clear way, you can use 向かう (バスは今大阪に向かっている).
The party has begun. (The party has begun and is still going on)
The train is in Tokyo. (The train has gone to Tokyo and is there)
Like a previous example, this sentence can be interpreted as 'The train is going to Tokyo'.
Nana's banana is rotten. (Nana's banana went bad and is rotten)
腐る by itself means 'to go bad' or 'to spoil'. 痛む can also be used to say 'to go bad,' but it is not a momentary verb.
The coffee shop is already closed. (The coffee shop has been closed and remains closed)
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Tae Kim's Japanese Grammar Guide
Page 93 [CH 14]
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ている② – Grammar Discussion
Most Recent Replies (17 in total)
Thank you so much @mrnoone @EdBunpro !
I’ve got the negative form of this (していない) wrong a few times now.
My first guess just now was してるない for this sentence: サスケさんは結婚していないでしょう？
How does the conjugation work here? Is it just that いない is the negative form of いる or something?
Yep いる becomes いない. The いる at the end will conjugate like an ichidan/る verb
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