Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 5: 10/12

~ている ①

Is, Am, Are (~ing)

ている is often shortened to てる. This applies to all tenses, including てる, てて, てた, and even てます


Verb[て]+ いる


  • Part of Speech

    Conjunctive Particle

  • Word Type


  • Register


  • 品詞


  • 単語の種類


  • 使用域


About ている①

ている is a construction used in Japanese to convey that someone or something is existing in a constant state of 'doing' the verb that comes before . In English, depending on the verb, this can be translated as 'is (A)', 'am (A), or 'are (A)~ing'. The expression is made by adding いる to the form of either る-Verbs, or う-Verbs.

Due to いる being one of the verbs for 'existing' in Japanese, the ている form means something closer to 'continuing to exist in a specific state', rather than (A)~ing in English. This is why verbs like (), and (), appear as the ている form in Japanese, when they would appear as the past form in English.


  • (なに)ている

    What are you doing?

  • 寿司(すし)()ている

    I am eating sushi.

  • 寿司(すし)()ています

    I am eating sushi.

  • (いま)勉強(べんきょう)ていない

    I am not studying now.

  • (かれ)図書館(としょかん)日本語(にほんご)勉強(べんきょう)ているだろう

    He is studying Japanese at the library, right?

  • Get more example sentences!

    Premium users get access to 12 example sentences on all Grammar Points.

Self-Study Sentences

Study your own way!

Add sentences and study them alongside Bunpro sentences.

ている① – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (15 in total)

  • IcyIceBear


    Have you learned the negative form of ichidan verbs? The one where you drop the る and add ない/ません

  • mietolim


    I figured after checking the correct answer that’s it’s probably related to that grammar point, still, it could be useful to have a mention of it in this grammar point to make it clear how it works. I assume there isn’t a separate lesson about the negative form of 〜ている later on.

  • tonbo


    Was in the same boat as @mietolim here. In part because I’m following the Genki path and casual negation is actually covered after the basics of て. I agree, that a pointer would be nice as I also expected the page to be more “batteries included” in light of the other high quality info that is already there.

Got questions about ている①? Join us to discuss, ask, and learn together!

Join the Discussion