Noun + など
Noun + など + の + Noun
など may be used after nouns, to describe that (A) is being presented as an example from within a group. Alternatively, など can be followed by の (B), to show that (A) is only one type of thing from the broader category, (B).
- この公園では石などを投げないでください。Do not throw rocks and so on in this park.
- 彼はいつもルームメイトなどの悪口を言っています。He is always badmouthing people, like his roommates.
- 鞄や靴等を川に捨ててはならない。You mustn't discard things such as bags and shoes into the river.
- あいつら本当にうるさいね。Those people are very noisy, don't you think.
I want to go to places such as America and Italy.
After doing my homework, I relax with things like video games.
As for fruits, I like fruits such as grapes.
Please tell me things like your hobbies.
From tomorrow, I plan on doing things like preparing.
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など – Grammar Discussion
Most Recent Replies (7 in total)
Recently came across something that I am not sure if it’s colloquial or if it’s official grammer as Japanese tends to be so fluid anyway, but I went through all my grammar resources and (including bunpro), they all say など gets used with nouns. Nothing forbidding it being used with verbs but nothing about how it is used with verbs.
I know it gets used with verbs as natives have corrected some of my writing and I questioned why など vs とか and the only answer I got is that it sounded more natural. So I went on a hunt for grammar rules around using など with verbs and found nothing definitive. I did finally find in one particle book “All About Particles” by Naoko Chino mentions it can be used with verbs (the last example in the book no 6 of 6 with a meaning of “something to the effect that”.
Asked some other native speakers and it isn’t wrong but it makes me wonder…is bunpro missing this as an optional use or is this one of those things that if it were an English teacher f...
There are several cases where it’s used with other things than nouns, for example when quoting something (…などと, also see the とは grammar point for a mention) or in patterns like …などする.
You can find a few of them in 教師と学習者のための日本語文型辞典.
I don’t have a copy of that book/ref but thank you for posting… the quoting example is exactly how it was done in the ref I mentioned…
specifically though the correction that I received was from とか to など。wasn’t quoting anything
No quoting particles… Have talked to a few Japanese friends and haven’t gotten a straight answer, not a big deal just weird…
in any case…I can kind of see how the meaning might be more natural (even if the quoting particle is omitted)…
will be interesting to see if anyone has any other references/input.
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