Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 10: 7/20

やら〜やら

Whether or, Things like, And … so on

Structure

A(1) + やら + B(1) + やら

(1) Verb[る]、Noun、[い]Adjective

Details

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    Standard

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    一般

About やら~やら

やら is an adverbial particle in Japanese which expresses lack of determination or limitation in regard to (A). Due to this, it is very similar to other structures like など, and will often translate as '(A) and so on', or '(A) and the like'.
やら may appear following verbs in their dictionary form, nouns, い-Adjectives, or な-Adjectives. When repeated as (A) やら (B) やら, both (A) and (B) will often be the same type of word, although this is not a limitation when the speaker is expressing various feelings in relation to something.
  • 毎日(まいにち)子供(こども)世話(せわ)をするやら家事(かじ)をするやら(いそが)しいです。
    I am busy everyday with things such as taking care of my child and doing house chores.
  • 先週(せんしゅう)身体中(からだじゅう)(いた)やら体調(たいちょう)(わる)やら大変(たいへん)でした。
    Last week I had a tough week because my whole body was aching, wasn't feeling well and so on.
  • あのニュースを()いてから不安(ふあん)やら(いか)やら色々(いろいろ)感情(かんじょう)(あふ)()てきた。
    After hearing that news, I was flooded with feelings such as anxiety, anger, and many other emotions.
  • 文法(ぶんぽう)だけではなく漢字(かんじ)やら単語(たんご)やら勉強(べんきょう)した(ほう)がいい。
    You should study not only grammar but also things such as kanji and vocabulary.
Compared to とか, やら puts more emphasis on the scope of things within the category of (A) and (B), thus making it sound like (A) and (B) are only a small fraction of many different things within a complex pool of various emotions, actions, etc.
Caution - When appearing as のやら~のやら, this emphasizes that the speaker does not actually know which one out of (A) and (B) is the correct option, and is just presenting both as potential possibilities. Due to this, (A) and (B) will often be antonyms or opposites of some sort in these types of sentences, but not always.
  • 彼女(かのじょ)大学(だいがく)()のやら()かないのやらはっきりしない。
    It is not clear whether she is going to college or not.
  • あの歌手(かしゅ)上手(じょうず)のやら下手(へた)のやら(わたし)にはさっぱりわかりません。
    I have no idea if that person is a good singer or not.

Examples

  • うれしいやらはずかしいやらで、どんな(かお)をしていればいいのか、わからなかった。

    I didn't know whether I should react with happiness or shyness.

    やら + で is used to state means.

  • あの映画(えいが)は、戦闘(せんとう)シーンやら冒険(ぼうけん)シーン(など)があるから、(きみ)()てみたらいい

    In that movie, there are many scenes of battles, adventures and so on, you should watch it.

  • A:「GPSを()()わないかわからん...でも、GPSがどうしてもほしい。」
    B:「どうせGPSを()いたいと(おも)ってるなら 、最近(さいきん)携帯(けいたい)電話(でんわ)カメラやらGPSやらついているからただのGPSよりスマホ()ったらいい。」

    A: 'I don't know whether to buy a GPS or not… But I want one so much.'
    B: 'If you want to buy a GPS anyway, modern mobile phones have cameras, GPS and so on. So rather than buying an ordinary GPS, it's better to get a smartphone.'

  • 子供(こども)(はは)(しか)られたあと、()やら(はな)()ているやらで、ひどい(さわ)ぎだった。

    When a child was scolded by her mother, she ended up crying, having a runny nose and so on. It was quite the scene.

    やら + で is used to state means.

  • (かれ)()めてもらうとうれしいやら()ずかしいやら、とにかく気持(きも)がよかったわ。

    When I was praised by him, I don't know whether I felt happiness or shyness. Anyway, it felt great.

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