Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 3: 14/23

()わず

Regardless of, Whether or not, No matter, With or without

Structure

Noun + ()(5)
Noun (A) + (1) + Noun (B) + ()(5)
A(2) + + B(2) + + ()(5)
A(3) + (Antonym) A(3) + ()(5)
A(2) + かどうか(4) + ()(5)
A(2) + A[ない](2) + ()(5)

(1) ・、
(2) Noun、 [な]Adjective[い]Adjective、 Verb
(3) [い]Adjective[な]Adjective
(4) (いな)
(5) ()ない

Details

  • Register

    Formal

  • 使用域

    硬い

About を問わず

()わず is a pattern which makes use of the special-class う-Verb ()う 'to inquire' and the literary auxiliary verb ず, which connects with verbs in the same way, and carries the same meaning as ない. While the literal meaning of this grammar structure is 'without questioning (A), (B)', it is used more as a formal way to express 'regardless of (A), (B)', 'whether (A) or not, (B)', or 'with or without (A)', (B)'.
This structure is seen almost exclusively after nouns, but can also follow structures like か, or かどうか that are modifying adjectives. を will mark the 'question' which is 'not being asked'.
  • 宗教(しゅうきょう)国籍(こくせき)()わず、このイベントには(だれ)でも参加(さんか)できます。
    Everyone is welcome to attend this event, regardless of religion or nationality.
  • パソコンの上級者(じょうきゅうしゃ)初心者(しょしんしゃ)()わず(はじ)めてこのサービスをお使(つか)いになられる(かた)には初心者(しょしんしゃ)コースから(はじ)めてもらいます。
    Whether you are an advanced computer user or a beginner, we ask first-time users of this service to start with the beginner course.
  • このマンションを()うかどうか()わず、この物件(ぶっけん)()さえたい場合(ばあい)手付金(てつけきん)(はら)ってください。
    If you want to hold on to this property, whether you buy this apartment or not, you must pay a deposit.
Occasionally, は will replace を at the beginning of 問わず. This puts further emphasis on contrast, and slightly strengthens the phrase overall.
  • どのブランドか()わず、とにかく(あたら)しい(くつ)()しいです。
    I just want a new pair of shoes, regardless of which brand.
Caution - Although ()わず may be thought of as similar to 'regardless', there are actually situations where the nuance is closer to 'in any case for (A), (B)'. This is particularly true when (A) is being expressed as a scope. Let's compare ()わず to (かか)わらず to see the difference.
  • (かれ)昼夜(ちゅうや)()わず、ずっと(はたら)いている。
    Whether it is day or night, he is always working.
  • (かれ)昼夜(ちゅうや)(かか)わらず、ずっと(はたら)いている。
    Regardless of day or night, he is always working.

Examples

  • 学歴(がくれき)経験(けいけん)()わずやる()ある応募(おうぼ)(しゃ)(やと)う!

    We are hiring motivated applicants with or without experience or academic background!

  • 裕福(ゆうふく)家庭(かてい)ある(いな)()わず日本(にっぽん)では初等(しょとう)中等(ちゅうとう)教育(きょういく)無料(むりょう)だ!

    (Regardless of) whether the family is wealthy or not, primary and secondary education is free in Japan!

  • (わたし)彼女(かのじょ)結婚(けっこん)したい。手段(しゅだん)()わない

    I want to marry her! No matter what.

  • このアプリケーションは、管理(かんり)(しゃ)権限(けんげん)有無(うむ)()わず(だれ)でも使(つか)ことができる。

    This application can be used by anyone, (regardless of) whether they have administrator's rights or not.

  • ()()わない()わず商品(しょうひん)(ため)しに()てください。

    (Regardless of) whether you will buy it or not, please come and try the product.

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を問わず – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (1 in total)

  • Sidgr

    Sidgr

    About 11 months ago

    Can this:

    [を can be replaced with は when expressing contrast or for emphasis]

    be added to the top level structure at some place.

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