Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 4: 13/13


Not (Adjective)

い-Adjectives, whether positive or negative, cannot be used with だ


[い]Adjective[く]+ ない

おもしろ + ない
(あたら) + ない


  • Part of Speech


  • Part of Speech

    Auxiliary Verb

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About い-Adjectives くない

The negative form of い-Adjectives in Japanese is created by using the conjunctive form of the adjective, followed by ない. conjunctive form just means 'agglutinative', or 'conjunctive' in Japanese. For い-Adjectives, this conjunctive form is created by removing い, and replacing it with く.

The ない used with い-Adjectives is considered to be a different word to the ない used with verbs. When used with い-Adjectives, ない itself is also an い-Adjective. This means that it follows the same rules as regular い-Adjectives. Due to ません (the polite negative form) being an auxiliary verb, it cannot be conjugated with い-Adjectives in the same way as verbs.

As can be seen here, you must first add the verb ある, and then conjugate it into its negative form using the auxiliary verb ません. This is how the polite negative is created.


As with regular い-Adjectives, you cannot use after ない. です is acceptable to create a semi-polite form, but is best used in spoken language only.




    It is not hot.


    It is not cold today.


    This is not fun.


    A computer that is not new.


    That is not cheap.

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