Grammar Info

N5 Lesson 8: 6/13

Verb + まで

Until (something) happens


Verb + まで


  • Part of Speech


  • Word Type

    Adverbial Particle

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About Verb + まで

まで is a particle that roughly means 'as far as (A)', or 'until the point of (A)'. When used with verbs, it is often translated as 'until (A) happens'.

Because まで means 'as far as/until the point of', it cannot be used with verbs in past tense, as would usually be the case in English. Due to this, past tense will be made clear by the context of the story, or verbs that come later in the sentence.

When used with a place, まで functions similarly to に. This means that someone or something will go 'to' the place, but not go any further.


To get a better idea of how まで is used in relation to the past, let's have a look at another example, and how it would translate in English.

  • 授業(じゅぎょう)(はじ)まで先生(せんせい)()なかった
    The teacher didn't come until the class started.

Here we can see that the English sentence will say 'started', but (はじ)まる 'start' (non-past tense) is required in Japanese. However, later in the sentence, ()なかった (past tense) is used. In this way, the overall meaning stays the same, while being slightly different to what an English native speaker would expect.




    Until the movie started, I talked with my friend.


    Until he comes, I will study Japanese.


    Until I memorize katakana, I won't sleep.


    Until I remember that kanji, I will use a dictionary.


    Until I get in the bath, I want to relax.

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Verb + まで – Grammar Discussion

Most Recent Replies (1 in total)

  • NickavGnaro


    All the given examples have the verb in the present form only. Are there any examples of the verb being in the past form? Or is the structure supposed to be Verb[る] + まで?

    For instance, instead of


    , could one instead say


    without any change in meaning?

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