Grammar Info

N2 Lesson 3: 8/23


Not just, Not only… but also

More formal than だけでなく


Noun + (かぎ)


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About に限らず

(かぎ)らず is a sentence pattern in Japanese used that highlights when something is 'not just (A), but (B) too', or 'not only (A), but also (B)'. It is a combination of に, the う-Verb (かぎ)る 'to limit', and the literary auxiliary verb ず, which connects with verbs in the same way, and carries the same meaning as ない.
This structure will appear after nouns, before the (B) part of the sentence will go on to explain things that can be included in the same scope or category as (A).
  • USJは週末(しゅうまつ)(かぎ)らず平日(へいじつ)でも(おお)くの(ひと)(にぎ)わっています。
    USJ is crowded not only on weekends, but also on weekdays.
  • この遊園地(ゆうえんち)子供(こども)(かぎ)らず大人(おとな)でも(たの)しめます。
    This amusement park is enjoyable not only for children, but also for adults.
  • このカフェは女性(じょせい)(かぎ)らず男性(だんせい)(かた)にも人気(にんき)があります。
    This café is popular not only with women, but also with men.
Occasionally, も may be added for extra emphasis in the (B) part of に限らず sentences. This is especially true when several extra things are being indicated, not just (B). For example, '(B) も (C) も'.
  • このブランドは日本(にほん)だけ(かぎ)らず韓国(かんこく)でも中国(ちゅうごく)でも(あい)されています。
    This brand is loved not only in Japan, but also in Korea and China.
  • (あたら)しい言語(げんご)(なら)場合(ばあい)文法(ぶんぽう)(かぎ)らず、その(くに)文化(ぶんか)もニュアンスも(おな)じぐらい勉強(べんきょう)したほうがいい。
    When learning a new language, you should study not only the grammar, but also the culture and nuances of the country, if possible.




    In order to have a well-balanced appearance, we should exercise not only in summer, but throughout the year.


    The possibility of the Yellowstone super volcano erupting is not only a problem in the U.S., but also on an international level.


    In order to become fluent, it is important to not only study, but also to practice.


    Not just apartments, but if there are beautiful rooms I want to try living there.


    Not only drunks, but I dislike talking to people who are drinking alcohol.

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