Grammar Info

N3 Lesson 7: 3/21

だらけ

Completely covered in, Full of

Structure

Noun + だらけ
Noun + だらけ + + Noun

Details

  • Register

    Standard

  • 使用域

    一般

About だらけ

だらけ is a suffix that is used in Japanese to express when one thing is 'covered in', or 'filled with' another thing.
だらけ will be attached to the end of nouns, before (sometimes) being followed by the case marking particle の and a second noun. The second noun is frequently omitted if the place or thing that is 'covered in' something is obvious.
  • パンケーキ裏側(うらがわ)(あな)だらけ気持(きも)(わる)い。
    The underside of this pancake is covered in holes so it is gross.
  • この公園(こうえん)はゴミだらけからこども()れて()くない
    This park is covered in garbage, so I don't want to bring my kids here.
  • (きず)だらけ(くるま)()ている()られくないからいつも(つま)(くるま)()ってる。
    I don't want someone to see me drive a car covered in scratches, so I always drive my wife's car.
  • (どろ)だらけ(ふく)洗濯機(せんたっき)いれないで
    Don't put mud-covered shirts in the washing machine!
Fun Fact
だらけ is primarily used to express things that exist in a 'scattered' state (like stars in the sky). Due to this, it will not sound natural when used to describe a thing that is 'covered in' something that is not scattered in some way.
  • (かべ)しろだらけ()てください
    Please cover my wall with white paint. (Unnatural, unless the speaker specifically wanted paint speckled, rather than covering the wall)
  • ()だらけシャツクリーニング()した。
    I took my blood-covered shirt to the dry cleaner. (Natural, as blood drops may be scattered)

Examples

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  • (ゆか)(どろ)だらけになった。

    The floor became covered in dirt.

    • (きみ)文章(ぶんしょう)間違(まちが)だらけ()(なお)した(ほう)いい

      Your passage is full of mistakes. It would be better to rewrite it.

      • (あせ)だらけでもかまわない。

        I don't mind being covered in sweat.

        • あの土地(とち)()らないうちに雑草(ざっそう)だらけになってしまった。

          Before I knew it, that land had been completely overgrown with weeds.

          • せっかく(うみ)()たのに、ビーチがゴミだらけだ。

            I took the trouble to come to the ocean, and yet I found the beach completely covered in trash.

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            だらけ – Grammar Discussion

            Most Recent Replies (2 in total)

            • cineebon

              cineebon

              Is だらけ only used for being covered in something bad? All the context sentences seem to imply that, but I just want to make sure I’m not reading into it.

            • mrnoone

              mrnoone

              @cineebon
              Hey

              Very good question!
              Yes, you are right. It implies something being covered with something that is not really wanted.

              Cheers!

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